SHARAD NAVRATRI 2018 – BLESSINGS OF GODDESS OF SUPREME POWER

SHARAD NAVRATRI 2018 – BLESSINGS OF GODDESS OF SUPREME POWER

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of the Goddess of Supreme Power.

 

Sharad Navratri of October 2018. Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power. Moon Phases during the month of October 2018.

Puma Punku Divine Society celebrates the One, and Only One God as Father and Mother Principle at the same time. This Unity of God allows Personification of God as Male and Female, as Father and Mother giving Peace, Harmony, and Tranquility in the living Human Experience.
In Indian Tradition, Sharad Durga Navratri Celebration of 2018 begins on Wednesday, October 10, and concludes on the 10th day, the morning of Friday, October 19. This ‘Nine-Night’ Hindu festival is popularly known as ‘Dussehra’. This festival is observed twice in a year, at the beginning of Summer Season and at the beginning of Autumn Season and the days are determined by Lunar Calendar.
The first set of 3-nights are dedicated to Goddess Durga( personification of Energy/Power/Force or ‘Shakti’ glorified as Divine Protector, Defender, or Savior), the second set of 3-nights are dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi( personification of material wealth, prosperity, and well-being), and the third set of 3-nights are dedicated to Goddess Sarasvati( personification of Pure Knowledge and Perfect Wisdom).
I wish my readers Good Health, Prosperity, Peace and Happiness invoking the Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
PUMA PUNKU DIVINE SOCIETY

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD BOTH MALE AND FEMALE

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – NINE-NIGHT CELEBRATION OF DIVINE POWER, LOVE, MERCY, GRACE, AND COMPASSION TO SECURE HEALTH, WEALTH, WISDOM, AND PERFECT WELL-BEING OF MANKIND.
In Physics, Power/Energy/Force is not associated with gender. But, when living things exist as male and female, description of Power/Energy/Force may have gender association. In Indian tradition, ‘Deva’ means God and ‘Devi’ means Goddess. Devi in Indian tradition is the personification of God’s Supreme Power/Force/ Energy or ‘SHAKTI’. To fully account for human existence, man needs two distinct or separate Principles that come together to produce the harmonious singular identity of the man. The issue is not about God’s gender. Father Principle is called Originating Principle. Mother Principle is called Source Principle, for Mother is Source of Matter, Energy, and Knowledge to establish Life. Father provides Identity to human form, Mother provides Substance, the structural and functional basis of human form.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. GOD IS THE SUPREME BEING AND DESCRIBED AS OMNIPOTENT. THIS POTENCY OR POWER IS CALLED ‘SHAKTI’ IN SANSKRIT LANGUAGE. DEVI IS PERSONIFICATION OF ‘SHAKTI’. SHE DISPLAYED THIS GREAT POWER IN SLAYING OF A DEMON KING CALLED “MAHISHASURA.”

During 2018, Indians celebrate ‘DEVI NAVRATRI’ or ‘SHARAD NAVRATRI’ from Wednesday, October 10, to Friday, October 19. The term ‘Nav’ or ‘Nava’ means Nine. ‘Ratri’ means night. This celebration happens in a month called ‘ASVAYUJA’ ( or ASHWAYUJA – September – October), the month in which Full Moon Day is associated with the first star (Tithi) called ‘ASVINI’ in Indian Astrology.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of the Goddess of Supreme Power with Nine Manifestations.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. DEVI OR SHAKTI IS OFTEN CALLED ‘DURGA’ FOR SHE IS EMBODIMENT OF GREAT STRENGTH. SHE IS ALSO CALLED BHADRAKALI, JAGADAMBA, ANNAPURNA, SARVAMANGALA, BHAIRAVI, CHANDIKA, LALITA, BHAVANI, AND MOOKAMBIKA.

Devi or Shakti is often called ‘DURGA’ for She is the embodiment of great strength. She is also called BHADRAKALI, JAGADAMBA, ANNAPURNA, SARVAMANGALA, BHAIRAVI, CHANDIKA, LALITA, BHAVANI, AND MOOKAMBIKA. During the 9-Night or Navratri festival, Indians worship nine different forms of Goddess Durga with 1,000 names. She is simply adored as Divine Mother and often addressed as ‘MOTHER'(“MATA” or “MAA”) whatever may be the name or form She assumed on different occasions.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – SHARAD NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. NINE DIFFERENT FORMS OF MOTHER DURGA OR SHAKTI ARE REMEMBERED WITH DEVOTION AND ADORATION.

DEVI NAVRATRI, OCTOBER 2018 CALENDAR:

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Telugu Calendar to mark the ten days of Nine-Night Festival.

Goddess Shakti has three Supreme Forms called DURGA, SARASVATI, and LAKSHMI. In India, traditions vary from region to region. First 3 – days of Navratri are dedicated to Goddess Durga, following 3-days are dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi and concluding 3-days are dedicated to Goddess Sarasvati or Goddess of Knowledge, Wisdom, and Speech. On Monday, October 15, 2018, the Sixth Day or Shashti ‘NAVARATRI’ is dedicated to Goddess called ‘KATYANI'(legendary daughter of a devotee by name ‘KATA’). On this day, Goddess Sarasvati is worshipped for this day is associated with a Nakshatra(Star) called ‘MOOLA’.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of the Goddess of Supreme Power.

1. Day -1, Wednesday, October 10. First day of the Bright Half of Ashvin. Navratri Begins as Pratipada or Ghatsthapana. This day is Observed as Chandra Darshan. Shailaputri Puja.
2. Day – 2, Thursday, October 11. Dwitiya, Brahmacharini Puja.
3. Day – 3, Friday, October 12. Tritiya, Sindoor Tritiya, Chandraghanta Puja.
4. Day – 4, Saturday, October 13. Chaturthi, Kushmanda Puja, Varad Vinayak Chaturthi.
5. Day – 5, Sunday, October 14. Panchami, Skanda Mata Puja, Upang Lalita Vrat, Lalita Panchami.
6. Day – 6. Monday, October 15. Shashti, Kathyayini Puja, Sarasvati Awahan, Sarasvati Puja.
7. Day – 7. Tuesday, October 16. Saptami, Kalaratri,, Shubhankara Puja, Sarasvati Balidan, Maha Lakshmi Puja.
8. Day – 8. Wednesday, October 17.. Mahashtami, Durga Ashtami, Annapurna Parikrama, Sarasvati Visarjan, Mahagauri Puja, Durga Puja.
9. Day – 9. Thursday, October 18. Navami, Maharnavami, Ayudh Puja, Siddhidatri Puja, Navami Homa.. Sarasvati Puja.
10. Day – 10. Friday, October 30. Dasami or Dashami. Vijaya Dasami, Dussehra Celebration.
1. Day -1, Thursday September 21. First day of the Bright Half of Ashvin. Navratri Begins as Pratipada or Ghatsthapana. This day is Observed as Chandra Darshan. Shailaputri Puja.
2. Day – 2, Friday September 22. Dwitiya, Brahmacharini Puja.
3. Day – 3, Saturday September 23. Tritiya, Sindoor Tritiya, Chandraghanta Puja.
4. Day – 4, Sunday September 24. Chaturthi, Kushmanda Puja, Varad Vinayak Chaturthi.
5. Day – 5, Monday September 25. Panchami, Skandamata Puja, Upang Lalita Vrat, Lalita Panchami.
6. Day – 6. Tuesday September 26. Shashti, Katyani Puja, Sarasvati Awahan, Sarasvati Puja.
7. Day – 7. Wednesday September 27. Saptami, Kalaratri Puja, Sarasvati Balidan, Maha Lakshmi Puja.
8. Day – 8. Thursday September 28. Mahashtami, Durga Ashtami, Annapurna Parikrama, Sarasvati Visarjan, Mahagauri Puja, Durga Puja.
9. Day – 9. Friday September 29. Navami, Maharnavami, Ayudh Puja, Siddhidatri Puja, Navami Homa.. Sarasvati Puja.
10. Day – 10. Saturday September 30. Dasami or Dashami. Vijaya Dasami, Dussehra Celebration.
DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. NINE DIFFERENT FORMS OF WORSHIP CALLED TARA–TARINI SHAKTI.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. NAVA DURGA, NINE-FORMS OF ADORATION.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Nine Forms of the Goddess of Supreme Power
Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Shailaputri, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE – FIRST DAY OF NAVRATRI IS CALLED PRATIPADA. DEDICATED TO GODDESS SHAILAPUTRI, DAUGHTER OF RULER OF MOUNTAINS. SHE IS ALSO KNOWN AS PARVATI, HEMAVATI, SATI BHAVANI AND OTHERS.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Shailaputri, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. FIRST DAY OF NINE-NIGHT CELEBRATION BEGINS WITH THE WORSHIP OF GODDESS SHAILAPUTRI.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess Brahmacharini, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – CELEBRATION OF DIVINE POWER. NAVRATRI, ON DAY-2, OR DWITIYA, DEDICATED TO GODDESS BRAHMACHARINI.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess Chandraghanta, the Goddess of Supreme Power.DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. THE THIRD DAY IS CALLED TRITIYA, DEDICATED TO GODDESS CHANDRAGHANTA.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. THE FOURTH DAY IS CALLED CHATURTHI. GODDESS KUSHMANDA REPRESENTS CREATIVE POWER, AND SHE EXPRESSES A SENSE OF JOY FOR HER OWN CREATION.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess Kushmanda, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. THE FOURTH DAY IS CALLED CHATURTHI. GODDESS KUSHMANDA REPRESENTS CREATIVE POWER, AND SHE EXPRESSES A SENSE OF JOY FOR HER OWN CREATION.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. GODDESS OF FOURTH DAY OR CHATURTHI IS KNOWN AS KUSHMANDA.

 

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess Skandamata, the Goddess of Supreme Power.DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. GODDESS OF FIFTH DAY OR PANCHAMI IS KNOWN AS SKANDAMATA, MOTHER OF SKANDA OR KARTIKEYA.
Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess Katyayani, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. GODDESS OF SIXTH DAY IS KNOWN AS KATYAYANI.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess Kalaratri, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. GODDESS OF SEVENTH DAY OR SAPTAMI IS KNOWN AS KALRATRI (BLACK OR DARK NIGHT), AND SUBHANKARI FOR SHE GIVES PROTECTION FROM TROUBLE.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess Maha Gauri, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

 

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings from Goddess Siddhidhatri, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. GODDESS OF NINTH DAY OR MAHARNAVAMI IS KNOWN AS SIDDHIDATRI FOR SHE BESTOWS ASHTA SIDDHIS. 

Sharad Navratri of 2018. A hymn in praise of Goddess Durga, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. A HYMN IN PRAISE AND WORSHIP OF GODDESS DURGA DEVI.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess Durga, the Goddess of Supreme Power.
Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Prosperity from Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD BOTH MALE AND FEMALE. GODDESS DURGA, LAKSHMI, AND SARASVATI. PERSONIFICATION OF GOD’S OMNIPOTENCE.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Knowledge and Wisdom from Goddess Sarasvati, the Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD BOTH MALE AND FEMALE. DEVI OR GODDESS HAS THREE SUPREME FORMS CALLED SARASVATI, LAKSHMI, AND PARVATI. THESE NAMES DESCRIBE DIFFERENT ATTRIBUTES OF GOD’S OMNIPOTENCE.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – GOD AS MALE AND FEMALE. NINE WAYS TO WORSHIP GOD. EACH FORM IS VIEWED AS DIVINE MOTHER OR SUPREME MOTHER.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI, NINE-NIGHT CELEBRATION, DAY – 9, MAHA NAVAMI, AYUDHA PUJA, WORSHIP OF ALL WEAPONS, TOOLS, EQUIPMENT USED BY MAN TO ACCOMPLISH ACTION.

Sharad Navratri of 2018. Blessings of Goddess of Supreme Power.

DEVI NAVRATRI – NINE-NIGHT WORSHIP OF DIVINE POWER, LOVE, GRACE, AND COMPASSION TO ACCOMPLISH VICTORY OF GOOD OVER EVIL FORCES. 10th DAY, DASAMI IS KNOWN AS VIJAYA DASAMI OR DUSSEHRA.

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BHARAT DARSHAN – CELEBRATION OF SHAKUNTALA – REMEMBERING KALIDASA

BHARAT DARSHAN – CELEBRATION OF SHAKUNTALA – REMEMBERING KALIDASA

BHARAT DARSHAN – CELEBRATION OF SHAKUNTALA – REMEMBERING KALIDASA. RENAMING OF MEGHDOOT THEATRE COMPLEX IS DISGRACEFUL ,DISTASTEFUL, AND DISHEARTENING.

India or ‘BHARAT’ celebrates the legacy of Queen Mother Shakuntala by enacting play ‘Abhijnanasakuntala’ (Shakuntala and the Ring of Recognition), written by India’s great Sanskrit poet Kalidasa.

BHARAT DARSHAN – CELEBRATION OF SHAKUNTALA – REMEMBERING KALIDASA. RENAMING OF MEGHDOOT THEATRE COMPLEX IS DISGRACEFUL, AND DISTASTEFUL.

The decision to rename Sangeet Natak Akademi Drama Theatre, “MEGHDOOT” at Rabindra Bhavan, New Delhi is distasteful, disrespectful, disgraceful, and disheartening. it reminds of me of the curse that caused immense suffering to Shakuntala while she and Prince Bharat endured separation from King Dushyant.

Bharat Darshan – Celebration of Shakuntala – Remembering Kalidasa.

 

Bharat Darshan – Celebration of Shakuntala – Remembering Kalidasa.

I am sharing an article published by Shri. Bharat Gupt of New Delhi to share my sense of disappointment and sadness for the lack of cultural sensitivity exhibited by India’s Sangeet Natak Akademi in their decision to rename Meghdoot Theatre Complex.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA

PUMA PUNKU DIVINE SOCIETY

 

Bharat Darshan – Celebration of Shakuntala – Remembering Kalidasa. Poem by Kalidasa. English translation by poet Hunter.

SORRY KALIDASA, THIS IS LUTYEN’S DELHI

Article by Bharat Gupt, Trustee and executive member, Indira Gandhi National  Center for the Arts, New Delhi.

Bharat Darshan – Renaming of Meghdoot Theatre Complex, Rabindra Bhavan, New Delhi. Article titled, “SORRY KALIDASA, THIS IS LUTYEN’S DELHI” by Bharat Gupt.

 

CELEBRATION OF TRUTH AS ULTIMATE REALITY

CELEBRATION OF TRUTH AS ULTIMATE REALITY

Ram Naam Satya Hai
On www.darirc.com

Indians celebrate LORD RAM as a Person as well as a Word that symbolizes Truth as Ultimate Universal Reality.

Rama Navami 2017 Quotes, Best wishes, messages, picture greetings to ...
On www.birdstone.org

Indian Identity is defined by passionate desire to adhere to Truth at all costs.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
BHAVANAJAGAT.ORG

Sri Rama Navami SMS Messages Greetings Quotes| Happy Shri Ram Navami ...
On allindiaroundup.com

BHARAT DARSHAN – RAM SETU – LAW OF PROPORTIONALITY

BHARAT DARSHAN – RAM SETU – LAW OF PROPORTIONALITY -TIME AND DISTANCE RELATIONSHIP

Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality – Time and Distance Relationship.

The epic poem Valmiki ‘Ramayan’may pose two problems in interpretation of poetic terms; 1. Time-frame called ‘Treta Yuga’, and 2. Measure of Distance called ‘Yojana’. It is reasonable to reject assumptions associated with terms like ‘Treta Yug’, and ‘Yojana’. People have interpreted these terms to predict location of Island Kingdom called ‘Lanka’ and its Capital City called ‘Lankapuri’. The issue is not that of finding precise location of Island called ‘Lanka’ using Unit of Measurement called ‘YOJANA’ to determine its distance from Indian Shoreline as described in Valmiki Ramayan.

Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality – Time and Distance Relationship.

Most readers, who studied the Art of Engineering, would not fail to recognize  importance of Unit of Measurement called Width and its relation to Unit of Measurement called Length while erecting structures. There is a basic Principle of Proportionality in making designs or plans for any kind of construction activity. These Units of Measurements serve specific purpose and  Length and Width for constructing bridge, tower, fort, etc., are not random selections.

The bridge called ‘SETU’ was built for a specific purpose; to facilitate troop movement to launch military attack on enemy.

Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality – Time and Distance Relationship. Military Engineers build ‘York’ Bridge, a Bailey Bridge to cross the Caen Canal.

During military training, military engineers build bridges to execute planned military operations that involve crossing obstacles. We have done this countless number of times and practice the drill repeatedly. From a military point of view, there is no justification whatsoever to build a bridge that could be of width mentioned as “ten yojanas.” We don’t even have elephants or any other battlefield equipment deployed in Ramayan War that demands the width cited.

Valmiki, the author of Ramayan gave good account of the battle preparation and the sense of urgency involved for its speedy execution. No military General or Army Commander worth his name would invest time and energy to build a bridge that could be indeed ‘ten yojanas’ in width. From a rational point of view, this bridge could be about 6 to 8 feet wide and about 16 miles long to help movement of men across the water obstacle. The Island Kingdom called ‘Lanka’ and its Capital City called ‘Lankapuri’ may have existed, as per cultural beliefs most Indians and Sri Lankans or Sinhalese People share, at sites that exist today..

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
PUMA PUNKU DIVINE SOCIETY

Is Sri Lanka the Lanka of Ramayana?

Bharat Darshan - Ram Setu - Law of Proportionality. Length vs Width. Distance and Time Relationship.
Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality. Length vs Width. Distance and Time Relationship. I recognize Ramayan’s Author Valmiki and Prince Ram as members of species called Homo sapiens sapiens for their Linguistic ability.

The Ramayana is one of the two main itihasa – historical epics – of India, along with the Mahabharata. It describes the activities of Krsna’s incarnation Lord Rama, including the kidnapping of His consort Sita by Ravana, King of Lanka, and the subsequent military campaign to release her.

Since a substantial amount of the history takes place in Lanka the actual real identity of Lanka is important to Vaisnavas and devotees of Lord Rama in general. For hundreds, perhaps thousands of years the island that is currently known as “Sri Lanka” has traditionally been identified as the “Lanka” of the Ramayana. But is this really the case? Does the Ramayana support this tradition? This short article explores other possibilities that are consistent with the text of the Ramayana. Strict followers of Krsna’s Vedic culture accept sabdha brahma – knowledge revealed by God (the Ramayana) – as the highest evidence, superior to all others, including tradition.
What do the Sastras Say About the Real Lanka?

Until 1972 “Sri Lanka” was called Ceylon, which is derived from Tamil Ceralamdivu, Sanskrit Simhaladvipa and Persian Sarandīp. For more information on the former names of Ceylon click on this link and this link.
Siṁhala and Laṅkā
The majority population of what is now known as “Sri Lanka” are called the Sinhalese people after an old name for the island “Siṁhala.” This name is attested in the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam 5.19.29-30:
Śrī Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: My dear King, in the opinion of some learned scholars, eight smaller islands surround Jambūdvīpa. When the sons of Mahārāja Sagara were searching all over the world for their lost horse, they dug up the earth, and in this way eight adjoining islands came into existence. The names of these islands are Svarṇaprastha, Candraśukla, Āvartana, Ramaṇaka, Mandara-hariṇa, Pāñcajanya, Siṁhala and Laṅkā.
However Siṁhala cannot be Laṅkā because “Laṅkā” is listed as the name of a separate and different island.
Distance
“Ceylon – Sri Lanka” is less than 100 km (62 miles) from India whereas in the Valmiki Ramayana1 it specifically says that the real Lanka was a distance 100 yojanas across the ocean.
“On a well-known island in the sea, situated at a distance of full one hundred yojanas from this shore, lies the lovely city of Lanka, constructed by Viswakarma, (the architect of gods), abounding in wonderful gates of Jambunada (gold found on the banks of the Jammu river) and stately mansions of golden hue with terraces of gold and enclosed by a massive fortification wall bright as the sun.” Valmiki Ramayana Kiskindha Kanda 58.20
1 yojana = approximately 12.87 km (8 miles), 100 yojanas = 1287 km (800 miles)
Thus, Lanka was at least 1287 km off shore. This distance of 100 yojanas is mentioned many times in the Ramayana as the distance a person would have to cross to get to Lanka.
Not only was the bridge 100 yojanas long in order to reach Lanka, but according to Valmiki Ramayana Yuddha Kanda 22.76 it was also 10 yojanas wide (80 miles – 129 km). Thus just the width of the bridge was more than the current distance from India to Ceylon, modern “Sri Lanka.”
And, Lanka was about 500 km to the west of Ceylon. Why? Because in the Surya Siddhanta the prime meridian 2 is the one going through Avanti (Ujjain). And, it explicitly states that the prime meridian went through both Avanti and through “the haunt of the rakshasa”, that is, Lanka, the kingdom of the king of the rakshasas, Ravana, as well as other places.
“Situated upon the line which passes through the haunt of the demons (rakshasa) and the mountain which is the seat of the gods, are Rohitaka and Avanti, as also the adjacent lake.” Suryasiddhanta 1.62 3
And, in the Siddhantas “Lanka” is taken to be the place with no longitude and latitude.4 No longitude is because it is the prime meridian and no latitude is because Lanka is on the equator, whereas Ceylon is about 7 degrees north of the equator.
Now lets take a look at a map to see what this gives us. (The black line is the prime meridian going through Avanti, and the red line is the equator.)

Bharat Darshan - Ram Setu - Law of Proportionality - Time and Distance Relationship. Length vs Width. Ramayan Poem describes geographical locations that maintain consistent, relative positions that can be verified today.
Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality – Time and Distance Relationship. Length vs Width. Ramayan Poem describes geographical locations that maintain consistent, relative positions that can be verified today.

We don’t see much at the intersection point of the meridian of Avanti and the equator in the Indian Ocean. Now let’s take another look using a bathymetric map that shows the topography of the ocean floor.

Bharat Darshan - Ram Setu - Law of Proportionality - Time and Distance Relationship. Length vs Width. Relationship between Lanka of Ramayan and Island nation Sri Lanka, a part of Indian Landmass that moved across Ocean due to Continental Drift.
Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality – Time and Distance Relationship. Length vs Width. Relationship between Lanka of Ramayan and Island nation Sri Lanka, a part of Indian Landmass that moved across Ocean due to Continental Drift.

Now we see that close to the place where Lanka is supposed to be is a ridge of underwater mountains some of which stick up as the Maldives Islands.
Ice Ages and Changing Sea Level
Now it is time to take in another piece of evidence regarding the variations in sea level caused by ice ages. Scientists have discovered that there have been several major ice ages in the distant past. During an “ice age” large areas of the land surface (30% in the last glaciation) get covered with massive sheets of ice 3 km thick. The water for this ice comes largely from the oceans causing a drop in the sea level. It is estimated that the maximum drop in the sea level during the last glaciation was about 130m. In other glaciations the drop in sea level is not known, it could be more or less.
The current ice age that we are in is the Quaternary glaciation, also known as the Pleistocene glaciation, and refers to a series of glacial events separated by inter glacial events during the Quaternary period from 2.58 million years ago to present. We are now in an “inter glacial period” meaning a warm period in the ice age. Ice ages are a series of long periods (40,000 – 100,000 years) of glacier formation followed by a short period of thawing then another long period of glacier formation.
This diagram shows the changing sea level at different points in time.

Bharat Darshan - Ram Setu - Law of Proportionality - Time and Distance Relationships. Length vs Width. No Glaciers Covered Indian Ocean of this Tropical Region during Holocene Epoch.
Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality – Time and Distance Relationships. Length vs Width. No Glaciers Covered Indian Ocean of this Tropical Region during Holocene Epoch.

We note that 20,000 years ago the sea level was about 130 meters lower than it is today. Though 20,000 years is a long time the events in the Ramayana took place at the end of the last Treta yuga about 900,000 years ago. 5 Since historically there have been rising and falling of the sea level. And currently there is concern that the sea level will rise even more because of global warming, flooding low-lying areas. It is therefore not unreasonable to infer that such cyclic rising and falling of the sea level also took place in the distant past as a natural phenomenon, like the changes in the seasons that also took place in the past. Because as Krsna explains in Bhagavad-Gita 8.4 “Physical nature is known to be endlessly mutable.” Hence it is not unreasonable to infer that the sea level would also be subjected to periods of rising and falling throughout the history of the material creation including the time during and after the Ramayana.
Now lets take a look at another bathymetric map, this time showing additional areas that would be above water if the sea level had fallen 130 meters +/- 10 meters.

bharat darshan ram setu length vs width 5
Bharat Darshan –  Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality – Time and Distance Relationships. Length vs Width.  The Story of Ramayan Poem describes India and Sri Lanka of Holocene Epoch after the last major Ice Age.

In this map the red and dark pink parts would have been dry land during the last glaciation because of the drop in sea level. The first thing to notice is that Ceylon – “Sri Lanka” is not an island but actually part of the Indian landmass. That definitely rules out Ceylon from being Lanka. Next we notice that very close to where the prime meridian of Avanti crosses the equator is a large island. So this strongly suggests that in the distant past an island existed in the location where the Ramayana and Suryasiddhanta said Lanka would be if the events of the Ramayana took place during a period of glaciation with a much lower sea level. This island is certainly very much closer to the intersection of the prime meridian and the equator than Ceylon – “Sri Lanka” is.

Bharat Darshan - Ram Setu - Law of Proportionality. Length vs Width. Time and Distance Relationship.
Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality. Length vs Width. Time and Distance Relationship. This relationship between Indian Landmass and Island nation of Sri Lanka existed during the time period of Ramayan Poem.

Above is close up view showing more clearly how Ceylon was part of the Indian sub-continent. The vertical line is the meridian of Avanti while the bottom of the image corresponds to the equator.
Volcanic Activity

Bharat Darshan - Ram Setu. Law of Proportionality. Length vs Width. Time and Distance Relationship. Valmiki Ramayan makes no mention of Volconic Activity.
Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu. Law of Proportionality. Length vs Width. Time and Distance Relationship. Valmiki Ramayan makes no mention of Volcanic Activity. The Story is about Anatomically Modern Man who arrived on planet Earth during Geological Period called Holocene Epoch.

Aside from changing sea levels there are many historical incidents of islands disappearing because of volcanic activity. One of the most spectacular in recent history was the destruction of Krakatoa on August 27, 1883. Four tremendous explosions, heard as far away as Perth, Australia, some 2,800 miles (4,500 km) hurled an estimated 11 cubic miles (45 cubic km) of debris 15 miles (24 km) into the air darkening skies up to 275 miles (442 km) from the volcano. The eruption is estimated to have had the explosive force of 200 megatons of TNT. (For purposes of comparison, the bomb that devastated Hiroshima had a force of 20 kilotons. Loss of life is estimated to have been between 36,000 – 120,000. When it was all over only water remained where there was once an island.
Objections
How can you say that “Sri Lanka” is not the Lanka of the Ramayana when there are so many temples and pilgrimage sites in “Sri Lanka” and in India near Rameshwaram where the pastimes mentioned in the Ramayana took place and that are visited by millions of pilgrims yearly. Surely they all can’t be wrong.
In reply to this I would just like to point out that Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu appeared relatively recently in 1486, 530 years ago. His birth place was on the banks of the Ganga. Within a short period of time after His departure the channel of the Ganga changed its course and His birthplace was lost and covered in water. The Ganga changed its course several times and memory of His actual birthplace was lost. But this didn’t stop people from building temples and claiming that a different city was the birth place of Lord Chaitanya and millions of people believed that to be true until Bhaktivinode Thakura with great detective work was able to find the actual site of Mahaprabhu’s appearance. So if in only a few hundred years so much confusion arose in regards to Lord Chaitanya’s actual place of birth, what to speak then of what confusion can happen in the interval since the end of the last Treta Yuga more than 900,000 years ago.
Another point is that Ceylon was then part of the mainland and Lord Rama would certainly have traversed that area as well as other parts of extreme South India, so they indeed are connected to the Rama Lila depicted in the Ramayana but that does not mean that “Sri Lanka” is the Lanka of the Ramayana.
Great Acaryas do not Accept the Modern “Sri Lanka” to be the Lanka of Ramayana
In the following letter from Tamala Krsna Goswami, Srila Prabhupada’s secretary, to Hansadutta Swami, he refers to ongoing research that they are doing under Srila Prabhupada’s supervision. And that during the course of their investigation the discrepancy regarding the identity of Lanka was discussed and that Srila Prabhupada concluded that the modern “Sri Lanka” was not Ravana’s Lanka of the Ramayana.
“It may be interesting to know that one sannyasi here, Bhakti Prem Swami, who is a Sanskrit expert, as well and Yasodanandan Swami and myself are working under Srila Prabhupada’s direction on chalking out the model for the planetarium. One interesting fact is that in the Fifth Canto, Chapter 19, Text 30, the names of the islands of Bharata-Varsha are given. The island of Sri Lanka which you are currently on is mentioned there as Simhala and Lanka where Ravana’s empire was is mentioned. But this Lanka actually is 800 miles to the west 6 of India, as stated in the Ramayana. So Sri Lanka is not the Lanka of Ravana. When Srila Prabhupada heard this, He laughed and said that this is another one of the misconceptions of the scientists smashed.” Letter to Hansadutta -Vrndavana, June 25, 1977

Bharat Darshan - Ram Setu - Law of Proportionality. Time and Distance Relationships. Length vs Width. Prince Ram fought battle against King Ravana without using assistance of Chariot.
Bharat Darshan – Ram Setu – Law of Proportionality. Time and Distance Relationships. Length vs Width. Prince Ram fought battle against King Ravana without using assistance of Chariot.

Lord Rama does battle with Ravana, King of Lanka

Conclusion
In conclusion I have thus adumbrated a basic proof of concept 7 that modern “Sri Lanka” is not the Lanka of the Ramayana on the following basis. Ceylon was only recently named “Sri Lanka” in 1972. One ancient name for the island is Simhala, and even today the people of the island call themselves and their language as Sinhalese in reference to that name, yet texts like Srimad Bhagavatam name Simhala and Lanka as two different islands. “Sri Lanka” is less than 100 km from India but the Valmiki Ramayana unequivocally states that Lanka was 100 yojanas (1287 km) across the sea. And, according to the Suryasiddhanta the real Lanka was located on the prime meridian passing through Avanti (Ujjain) as well as straddling the equator, whereas “Sri Lanka” is about 500 km to the east of the prime meridian and 7 degrees (430 km) north of the equator. And, that in the vicinity of the intersection of the prime meridian of Avanti and the equator where Lanka is supposed to be located is a chain of undersea mountains that currently form the Maldives Islands. However, during glaciation periods in the distant past the sea level dropped by at least 130 meters bringing the undersea mountains above the surface of the water and equally important making Ceylon part of the Indian land mass and no longer an island. (Additionally aside from rising seas the original Lanka could also have been destroyed in a massive volcanic eruption and sunk into the sea like Krakatoa.) Hence, considering the above points and that the statements of the Ramayana are considered to be the highest evidence to followers of Vedic culture therefore “Sri Lanka” is not the Lanka of the Valmiki Ramayana.
Source: shyamasundaradasa.com

Related Articles:

  • Ramavataram, popularly referred to as Kamba Ramayanam is a Tamil epic written by the poet Kamban during the 12th century. Based on Valmiki’s Ramayana, the original epic Ramayana in Sanskrit, the story describes the life of King Rama of Ayodhya. However, Ramavatharam is different from the Sanksrit original in many aspects – both in spiritual concepts and in the specifics of the story line.

Kamban wrote his epic under the patronage of Thiruvennai Nallur Sadayappa Vallal, a local chieftain. As a mark of respect for his patron, Kamban mentions his name once in every 1,000 verses.
The Ramavataram is quite well known, both in the Tamil literary world and throughout India, where it is appreciated for the color of the poems and for the religious sentiment.
The book is divided into six chapters, called Kandam:
Bala Kandam (Chapter: Childhood)
Ayodhya Kandam (Chapter: Ayodhya)
Aranya Kandam (Chapter: Forest)
Kishkinta Kandam (Chapter: Kishkintha)
Sundara Kandam (Chapter: Beautiful)
Yutha Kandam (Chapter: War)
The Kandams are further divided into 123 sections, called Padalam. These 123 sections contain approximately 12,000 verses of the epic.
As with many historic compilations, it is very difficult to discard the interpolations and addendum which have been added over a period of time to the original manuscript. This task was taken up a committee of scholars, collectively known as the Kamban Kazhagam (Kamban Academy), headed by Prof. T P Meenakshi Sundaram. The compilation published by this committee in 1976 is what is used as the standard today.
Literary Significance
Kamban’s use of Virutham (tempo) and Santham (tune) in various verses is effective in bringing out the human emotion and mood setting for storytelling. He achieves the Virutham and Santham by effective choice of words.
To date, this epic is read by many Hindus during prayers. In some households the entire epic is read once during the Tamil Month of Aadi. It is also read in Hindu temples and other religious associations.
This epic is considered to be living proof that the worship of Lord Rama started in Tamil Nadu. On many occasions, Kambar talks about surrendering to Rama, who is a manifestation of Vishnu Himself.
It is interesting to note that the late E.V. Ramaswamy Periyar, the leader of the iconoclast DK party, called Kamban a ‘Tamil thurohi’ (traitor). The DK has always maintained that Rama was not worshipped by Tamils, but this book appears to prove otherwise.
The Sundara Kandam chapter is considered quite auspicious and is the most popular. It talks about the hardships faced by the main characters in the epic, their practice of restraint, and hopes for a better tomorrow.
Tamil legend has it that the entire Ramavataram was written in one night by Ganesha, who is said to have written the poems that Kambar dictated to him during the night, as Kambar procrastinated the work till the day before the deadline set by the King.

Introduction to Ramayana Nama Ramayana Ramayana: The Great Festival Ramayana: Return to Ayodhya Ramayana is Real, Say Experts Ramayana: The Story of Rishy

INCREDIBLE WOMEN OF INDIA

INCREDIBLE WOMEN OF INDIA

CELEBRATING INCREDIBLE WOMEN OF INDIA. On defenceforumindia.com

Indian Tradition describes God as ‘Mother and Father’, both Female and Male at the same time. The Moment in India’s History has arrived for ‘Incredible Women of India’.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
PUMA PUNKU DIVINE SOCIETY

The incredible women of Bharat. Sanjeev Nayyar travels across India from Barmer to Arunachal to Mahabalipuram, and comes back both humbled and impressed with the women he interacted with through his journey. These, are his experiences http://www.rediff.com/news/report/the-incredible-women-of-ibharati/20160427.htm

The incredible women of Bharat

CELEBRATING INCREDIBLE WOMEN OF INDIA. WOMEN OF RAJASTHAN.

Last updated on: April 29, 2016 13:43 IST
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Sanjeev Nayyar travels across India from Barmer to Arunachal to Mahabalipuram, and comes back both humbled and impressed with the women he interacted with through his journey. These, are his experiences:
During the last few months, the concept of equality and women’s rights have dominated the media discourse. The feminists make it sound as if discrimination against women is endemic to the Indian society. If India was such a patriarchal country, could the Indian civilisation have survived 5,000 years?
Veena Talwar, author of Dowry Murder: The Imperial Origins of a Cultural Crime has some interesting insights on why the status of women fell, at least in Punjab, the state of her research.
“The British brought in the notion of private property rights in land, and replaced communal or joint rights. The British gave titles to the tillers, and land became a commodity. Women did not get titles to the land, she told Rediff.com in an interview.
This article shares the author’s personal interactions and observations with women of Bharat i.e. in Barmer, Mahabalipuram, Kashi, Barsana, Imphal and Along (Arunachal Pradesh).

Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Women of Rajasthan.
Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Women of Barmer District, Rajasthan. All images by Sanjeev Nayyar.

Village in Barmer district, Rajasthan 2013
In Barmer is a non-governmental organisation called Gramin Vikas Evam Chetna Sansthan. They specialise in applique patchwork and hand-made embroidery. The secretary takes me to a village, about 30 kilometre from Barmer.
There are some 20-odd ladies gathered in a hut. Nearly all of them have ghunghats (veils) to cover their faces, since I am an outsider. The accountant from the NGO keeps a record of the pieces he gives to every woman; and when the work is completed, makes an entry of it in their passbook, and makes the payment at the end of the month.
I spent about two hours chatting with these women. They are super confident and correct errors made by the NGO accountant in their passbooks. I ask them if they did this work full-time. They say embroidery was done in their spare time to supplement incomes; looking after the household and helping in fields takes most of their time.
Given my urban sensibilities, I would say they are superwomen. They laugh and say they could do a lot more if only they had competent husbands. Not a trace of feeling inferior or being suppressed there. Their grouse: the government considers them as Below Poverty Line families but does not provide benefits. Point made with a smile. No negative energy!
Whilst leaving, the younger ladies do not hesitate to appreciate my Rajasthani style moustache. These women did not hold back their thoughts.

Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Women of Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu.
Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Women of Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu.IMAGE: This trinket seller at the Shore Temple Beach in Mahabalipuram, confidently calls herself a businesswoman, and knows that the knowledge of Hindi means more business.

Shore Temple Beach, Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu, 2016

As I walk to the beach, the lady (on the right, pictured) shouts out to me in Hindi, “Sir wife ki liye necklace le lo (Sir, take a necklace for your wife),” With memories of the anti-Hindi movement in Tamil Nadu, I wonder how come she speaks Hindi so well. Pat comes the reply, “Main businesswoman hoon” (I am a businesswoman), I get lots of customers from the North so learnt Hindi.
I observe her for about five minutes and realise that she instantly knows which region of India a tourist is from. Impressed, I ask permission to click her picture.
“First buy something then say something good about me,” she says. I love your smile and features,” I reply.
The woman is confident enough to (a stranger like me) to let me admire her, but also smart enough to understand how the knowledge of Hindi means more business.

IMAGE: The author visited five schools and found the girls to be exceptionally bright and well-informed.
Vivekananda Kendra Jirdin school, Along, Arunachal Pradesh, 2013
This is an all-girls school in West Siang district whose inhabitants mainly belong to the ‘Adi Galo’ Tribe. Just to give you a sense where Along is: We cross the Brahmaputra River slightly ahead of Dibrugarh, and it is about a 12-hour drive from there.
During an interactive session with students some of the questions students ask me are:
a. Why is India’s political system in such a disarray and the country in a bad state?
b. If we come to Mumbai, could we get them to meet Amitabh Bachchan?
c. They know about Arnab Goswami’s daily show, and are quite amused with it.
d. How to become a doctor, an Indian Police Service officer, a chartered accountant or a graphic designer, and which of these is a better career.
Their request — why doesn’t the government set up institutes of higher education in Arunachal so they don’t have to leave the state?
These confident girls do not feel offended because of the fact that the government has classified them as a Scheduled Tribe.
I visit five Vivekananda Kendra schools and find the girl students to be exceptionally bright and well-informed in all of them.

IMAGE: A Manipuri woman showcases an embroidered shawl. Ima Keithel, which literally translated, means mother’s market is perhaps the oldest and only one of its kind in Asia. It is a market wholly operated by women.
Ima Market Imphal Manipur 2014
Imphal is probably the only place in India to have an all-women market — it is called ‘Ima Keithel’ or Mother’s Market.
It consists of three buildings, is huge and may have at least 300 stalls run by women, although I never did a count. You can buy vegetables, fish, shawls, stolls, wedding clothes, artificial jewellery, pots, sweets, embroidered stuff, puja material, and women wear etc. Shops open from about 7.30 am and close by 8 pm. It is a great place to get a first-hand experience of the Manipuri people and culture.
A friend’s sister from Mumbai goes bonkers shopping and buys stuff as if there is no tomorrow.
I wonder then; how men may feel because they are denied the right to have a shop in this well-designed, clean and centrally located market…

IMAGE: To most visitors to Varanasi, Assi Ghat is known for being a place where long-term foreign students, researchers, and tourists live.
Assi Ghat, Kashi, Uttar Pradesh, 2013 on the occasion of Dev Deepavali
Dev Deepavali is celebrated on Kartik Purnima. It is considered auspicious to bathe in the Ganga that day. Women start bathing from 3 am, men invariably start arriving after sun-rise.
After clicking this picture, I ask a 15-year-old tea-seller, whether women were comfortable bathing as they did at the ghat? With a very sarcastic look, he says, “The minds of you shehar wale (you from the big cities) are corrupt.
I am chastened by this sermon by a young chaiwala and embarrassed with my Victorian attitude towards sex.

IMAGE: The women of Barsana start preparing for this a month in advance. It is said that their mother-in-laws feed their daughters-in-law rich food so that they can show off their prowess on the ‘battle zone’ on the day!
Lathmar Holi, Barsana, Uttar Pradesh 2016
The Holi celebrations in Braj begin at Barsana, Radha’s (Krishna’s consort) village, six days before Holi, Krishna arrives, with the men from Nandgaon. The people of Nandgaon and Barsana play Holi together. The men wear huge turbans decorated with leaves to protect themselves from the colour and beatings of the women of Barsana.
Lathmar Holi (literally beating with a stick Holi) is played at sunset, when women dressed in beautiful saris hit the men with sticks. They unleash a shower of blows on the ‘naughty’ boys of Nandgaon to teach them a lesson for all the broken pots and for teasing the girls of Barsana.
To a western eye, the festival may seem strange. Since Lathmar Holi doesn’t fit into a typical liberal narrative, it attracts large number of foreigners and also Indians from other cities.
From a Bharatiya perspective, I sensed the joy-respect on both sides and the purity in interaction. In fact, after the hitting gets over, many a man touch the feet of the woman and give shagun (money).
There are many more similar stories about the women of Bharat. This is not to imply their conditions are perfect. Nowhere in the world are relations perfect!
Instead of imposing western concepts of equality we need a different approach.
India’s progress has to be preceded by the progress of her women. So if we want Bharat Mata to prosper, then we need promote education for the girl child, give women fiscal concessions, so property stands in their name and make them financially independent.
Author and Kriyaacharya Jyoti Subramaniam adds, “Empowerment of women is not to be given with an attitude of benevolence but has to become a mindset. How we treat our mothers, sisters, wives and daughters is what empowers them. This applies not only to men but to women as well.”
The words equality and rights must be understood as atma-samman (self-respect) and dharma (duty).
For Christ’s sake let us not try to make men out of women.
Fore more details and photographs, please visit: http://www.esamskriti.com/

Sanjeev Nayyar

Incredible Women of India
Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Girl Students of Vivekananda Kendra Jirdin School, Along, Arunachal Pradesh.
Incredible Women of India - Women of Manipur.
Celebrating Incredible Women of India – Women of Manipur.
Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Women at Assi Ghat, Varanasi, Kashi.
Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Women at Assi Ghat, Varanasi, Kashi.
Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Women of Barsana, Uttar Pradesh.
Celebrating Incredible Women of India. Women of Barsana, Uttar Pradesh.

DISCOVERY OF MOTHER INDIA

DISCOVERY OF MOTHER INDIA

DISCOVERY OF BHARAT MATA OR MOTHER INDIA.On bhavanajagat.com

The Land known as Mother India or Bharat Mata is known through mental concepts discovered by people of that Land. Indian thinkers described concepts of Mental Equilibrium, Mental Balance, and Mental Equanimity.

WHOLE DYNAMICS - WHOLE EQUILIBRIUM: THE CAR IS IN DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM ...
On bhavanajagat.wordpress.com

The concept of Mental Equilibrium is a tool developed to master The Art of Self-Discipline.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE : “KRAMA SIKSHA” MILITARY TRAINING AND ...
On bhavanajagat.com

I am sharing validity of Indian concepts proclaimed by unknown Indian thinkers of the past. India gets credit for giving tools for developing the ‘Art of Self-Discipline’ for Indian thinkers recognized importance of self-control, self-restraint, and self-regulation of thoughts to modify behavior.

the-art-of-self-discipline-military-training-higher-self-vs-lower-self ...
On bhavanajagat.com

This concept of Self-Discipline is fundamental to concept of Discipline in Armed Forces. In the West where the problem of Substance Abuse has become rampant, they started using Indian techniques of meditation and Yoga to regulate behavior and to control mental urges associated with problem of drug addiction.

THE ART OF SELF-DISCIPLINE :
On bhavanajagat.com

Indian concept of “ARTH” about material wealth has taken roots in countries like the US and many people have embraced lives of ‘Voluntary Simplicity’. In Physics, Science called Mechanics and Dynamics explains principles of Equilibrium such as Static Equilibrium and Dynamic Equilibrium. Indian thinkers shared concepts of Mental Equilibrium or mental equanimity which is not a religious thought or religious practice. It is a Scientific thought and Scientific Theory.

Indian Inventions

... Christian Views: The Masque of Red Death meets Seven Deadly Sins

Indian thinkers developed mental concepts which we apply in daily lives. We received them free of cost and hence we do not care to attach any value to terms invented by people of our Land. If a concept is correct, and valid, it will have practical applications. Man has yet to know himself better and know the reality of the world in which he exists. A variety of human problems can be traced to this ignorance of man which alienates man from his own true or real nature. When people try all other remedies and fail to find a cure, they will embrace traditional Indian Wisdom. The following are some of the mental concepts which will help humanity to find answers for problems that affect them in their daily lives:

1. Atman: It is not a religious concept. The concept of spirit or soul is about a living principle that brings peace, harmony, and tranquility in living experience.

2. Moksh: It is nothing about Hindu religion. It is about release, liberation, or emancipation from conditioned existence on earth. For man desires freedom, man will continue to explore this concept while religions may promise rewards of life in heaven, afterlife, fear of hell, and resurrection after death. Moksh involves breaking attachment to present life before the event called death.

3. Jagat: Man lives on the surface of earth which is constantly moving in universe which is also moving all the time. There is no fixed reference frame for man’s existence at any given instant. Every instant is a new instant while man struggles to measure time in units called past, present, and future.

4. Satya: For man’s existence is conditioned by illusion, man wants to find truth that is not influenced by time; unchanging principle, truth, fact or reality that remains constant while things in nature tend to change.

5. Dharma: Principle to govern actions and behavior while man is not free from not performing action. At a fundamental level Dharma guides to sustain the fact of one’s own physical existence as member of a social community at given place and time.

6.Kama: A term that covers broad range of desires such as for sex, food, material wealth, power, position or social status, etc., It acts as a powerful drive and provides motivation to man’s actions in gratifying his appetite.

This list can be too long. When we look at man in modern times, there are no drugs for treating ailments associated with Anger, Jealousy, Lust, Greed, Miserliness, Arrogance, and Infatuation. Indian concepts provide tools for managing man’s problems

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
PUMA PUNKU DIVINE SOCIETY

What ancient India really discovered and invented!

https://www.yahoo.com/style/ancient-india-really-discovered-invented-110605019.html

folomojo

The debate on the achievements of ancient India in science and technology continues unabated. There have been assertions, some seemingly outlandish, and counter-assertions. For instance, Union minister of science and technology, Dr Harsh Vardhan’s statement that the Pythagoras theorem and algebra were ancient India’s contribution was pooh-poohed as stretching the facts. Is it really so? Or, is their something in the contentions? We bring you the contribution of the ancient Indians – the ones acknowledged and beyond reproach. Take a peek!
1. The age of the earth
An early metrical work of Hinduism, Manusmriti, calculates the age of the earth as described in two verses where the age of earth is made in reference to the life span of Brahma. (Brahma is revered as the god of creation in Hinduism).
Professor Arthur Holmes, a geologist and a professor at the University of Durham writes in his book, The Age of Earth (1913), “Long before it became a scientific aspiration to estimate the age of the earth, many elaborate systems of the world chronology had been devised by the sages of antiquity. The most remarkable of these occult time-scales is that of the ancient Hindus, whose astonishing concept of the earth’s duration has been traced back to Manusmriti, a sacred book.“
In the 5th century, the ancients Indians had stated that the earth was 4.3 billion years as compared to the Europeans who believed that our planet was about 100 million years old. But modern science has calculated the age of the earth to be about 4.6 billion years, incredibly close to the 4.3 predicted by the ancients almost 15 centuries earlier.
Today, scientists across the world believe that the solar system and the earth is about 4.54 billion years, deciphered by the radiometric reading.
309318d0a939b1862ef7cc7e96ae5171 Image source:t-leafd.com
2. Concept of relativity
Alan Watts, a professor, graduate school dean and research fellow of Harvard University, drew heavily on the insights of Vedanta. He said, “To the philosophers of India, however, Relativity is no new discovery, just as the concept of light years is no matter for astonishment to people used to thinking of time in millions of kalpas – A kalpa is about 4,320,000 years.”
b9e3172d58b03ecf9e37d7fed3443c95 Image source:Lifehack.org
3. Trigonometry and optics
Varāhamihira, an astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer, of the 5th century defined the concepts of refraction and reflection. He also defined the algebraic properties of zero as well as of negative numbers. A L Basham, an Australian Indologist, writes in his book, The Wonder That was India, “The world owes most to India in the realm of mathematics, which was developed in the Gupta period to a stage more advanced than that reached by any other nation of antiquity.”
44a6ffa98a800cb44fcfd4f8f21424ed Image Source:Photobucket (Book)|Creationmyths.org (Photo)
4. Discovery of gravity
More than 5,000 year-old, Rig Veda stated through verses that the gravitational force held the universe together and the sun was at the center of the universe; thousands of years before Newton and Copernicus discovered it. This finding is supported by an American writer, Dick Teresi, in his book – Lost Discoveries. The book is a comprehensive study of the ancient non-western foundations of modern science.
bdbe9d528720f79237f23601019e4dbb Image source:Journeywithladymaya.wordpress.com
5. Pythagoras theorem
It was ancient Indian mathematician Baudhāyana who wrote about a theorem similar to the modern Pythagoras theorem in the book Baudhāyana Śulbasûtra in 800 BC. The book is also said to be the oldest books on advanced mathematics. It is also speculated that Pythagoras travelled extensively and even visited India, after which he is said have revealed the Pythagoras theorem. In a six-page essay on the book written by Kim Plofker, Mathematics in India, ( a western historian of mathematics), Brown University Mathematician, David Mumford, writes, “There is the use of Pythagoras’ famous theorem in the construction of pillars in India, some centuries before the Greek philosopher is said to have postulated it.”
b3b749a6d6a7eb2b8efbd98cce9ce23f Image source:oldthoughts.wordpress.com
6. The zero
The so called Arabic numerals and positional decimal numeral system, originated in India. However, it was popularized by the Arabs, who later took it to the west. The superiority of this number system stems from the fact that the roman numerals did not have a zero, making it difficult to carry out mathematical calculations. It was Aryabhata, who is said to have discovered zero and clearly defined the usage of decimal system. He names the first 10 decimal places and gives algorithms for obtaining square and cubic roots, utilizing the decimal number system. Marquis Pierre Simon de Laplace, an 18thcentury French mathematician, philosopher, and astronomer, stated, “It is India which gave us the ingenious method of expressing all numbers by 10 symbols.”
e3fc859fdd6288ec3afe52026574c079 Image source:greatmindsoftheworld.com
7. Cotton fabric
The fibre that clothes the modern world, finds its mention in a Rig Veda hymn as “threads in the loom.” Historians also believe that when Alexander invaded India, his soldiers found the new fabric, cotton, much more comfortable that the traditional leather and wool that they were used to. They then popularized the fabric in ancient Europe. Herodotus, an ancient Greek historian, describes Indian cotton as “a wool exceeding in beauty and goodness that of sheep.”
2f057b78819e065115156b3523dca7fd Image source:Jaypore.com
8. High-quality steel
Ancient India’s expertise is metallurgy is reiterated in the form of its architecture marvels. It was said that as early as 200 BC, high quality steel was being produced in India, through what the Europeans would call as the crucible technique.
William James Durant, an American writer, historian, and philosopher writes in his famous book, The Story of Civilization, “Something has been said about the chemical excellence of cast iron in ancient India, and about the high industrial development of the Gupta times, when India was looked to, even by Imperial Rome, as the most skilled of the nations. By the sixth century the Hindus were far ahead of Europe in industrial chemistry; they were masters of calcinations, distillation, sublimation, steaming, fixation, the production of light without heat, the mixing of anesthetic and soporific powders, and the preparation of metallic salts, compounds and alloys. The tempering of steel was brought in ancient India to a perfection unknown in Europe till our own times.”
33a9168daf8afebb9310b838ecf9721b Image source:Topindiatravel.com
9. Takshashila University
Around 800 BC, a giant University at Takshashila (often called Taxila) existed in the north-western region of India. At that time even the concept of University was unknown to the world.
Joseph Needham, a British scientist, historian and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing, wrote in his book, Within the Four Seas: The Dialogue of East and West, “When the men of Alexander the Great came to Taxila in India in the fourth century BC they found a university there the like of which had not been seen in Greece, a university which taught the three Vedas and the eighteen accomplishments and was still existing when the Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hsien went there about AD 400.”
48b348976b05f69bc2f2c0dba6ceffab Image source:Wikipedia
10. Chess (Chaturanga)
Chaturanga is a Sanskrit word which was used to refer to an ancient Indian strategy game, the ancestor to Makruk, Xiangqi, Janggi and finally the modern game of chess. It was said to have been developed during the Gupta period between 6th and 7th century AD in India. The game, primarily based on a battle plan, comprised of four parts of the army – elephants, chariots, horses and foot soldier; apart from the king and the minister.
Harold James Ruthven Murray, an English educationalist and a prominent chess historian was among the first few modern historians who proposed the theory that chess originated in India. Published in 1913, A History of Chess, is a comprehensive book on the subject.
28cc0d1fc26267cd329506b1113f8daa Image source: Wikipedia

BHARAT DARSHAN – JODHPUR’S UMAID BHAVAN PALACE

BHARAT DARSHAN – JODHPUR’S UMAID BHAVAN PALACE

I served in Army Ordnance Corps Centre, Trimulgherry, Secunderabad as Senior Regimental Medical Officer from 1978 to 1984. During January 1979, I passed through Jodhpur while officiating as an umpire on behalf of HQ Southern Command to evaluate Medical Battalion’s performance in army training exercise. At that time, I missed opportunity to visit Jodhpur’s Umaid Bhavan Palace. Now, I am pleased to share a few photo images of that Palace which got voted the World’s Best Hotel.

Rudranarasimham Rebbapragada
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4162 USA
SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE


Jodhpur’s Umaid Bhavan Palace Just Got Voted The World’s Best Hotel

Umaid Bhawan Palace in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, has been declared the worlds best hotel of 2016 by TripAdvisors Travelers Choice. The palace which was once called Chittar Royal Palace, now operates as a hotel.

The palace contains 347 rooms and stands on 26 acres of lush land. About 2,000 to 3,000 people were employed to build it.

The palace was built with “dun-coloured” (golden-yellow) sandstone with two wings. Makrana marble has also been used, whereas Burmese teak wood has been used for the interior wood work.

The tariff for a standard room is Rs 44, 987 per night for two adults. The suites, however, will burn a hole in your pocket, being priced at Rs 1,18,900 for a single night!

This is how they set the dining table!

Their courtyard looks straight out of a fairy tale.

Youre welcomed with dhols, drums, a welcome dance and champagne.

They have a Zodiac Pool, which is an exotic pool where you can spend hours.

The palace is the first choice for celebrity weddings. Liz Hurley’s extravagant marriage with Arun Nayyar made the palace famous among international celebrities.

The palace is still home to the royal family of Jodhpur.

The Umaid Bhawan Palace, where royalty resides |
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Fabulous Art Deco painting in the royal suite
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